SideBand (J3E) is a refinement of amplitude modulation (AM) that more efficiently uses electrical power and bandwidth
by suppression of either the upper sideband or the lower sideband as well as suppression of the carrier, resulting in only a
singe sideband (SSB). Amplitude modulation (AM) produces a modulated output signal that has twice the bandwidth of the original
baseband signal. Therefore, single-sideband modulation avoids this bandwidth doubling, and the power wasted on a carrier. Typical
SSB audio bandwidth is less than 3kHz in audio frequency response and is designated by the FCC as J3E mode.
eSSB: Extended Single SideBand
is any J3E SSB transmission that
exceeds the audio bandwidth of standard or traditional 2.9kHz SSB J3E modes (ITU 2K90J3E) starting at 3kHz (ITU 3K00J3E), in
order to support the fidelity required and desired for relative high fidelity, full range clean and articulate vocal audio. eSSB
is also a refinement of amplitude modulation (AM) that more efficiently uses electrical power and bandwidth
as opposed to AM, but can still exhibit the same audio frequency response of broadcast AM if desired.
As the eSSB
definition above states, it is an "Extended
of SSB. The radio frequency and audio frequency footprint (bandwidth) is extended as a result of several factors; I.F. filter
modifications, and/or Digital Signal Processing, and external audio pre-emphasis processing via Equalizing, Compressing, Peak-Limiting,
etc. of the source audio input. (See the tables below:)